The Italian industrial sector is part of a constant transformation aimed at improving the efficiency of production systems. This process changes the concept of doing business through the use of new platforms and services supported by productivity-enabling technologies and speeding up their reach. In a context of augmented reality applications in industry, what is needed is to understand what the technologies enabling the industry 4.0 that have favored the evolutionary process of companies can actually be:
INTERNET OF THINGS
The so-called IoT is a sort of technology, designed to allow companies to connect different, logistically distant machines. In this innovative context, the use of sensors and microprocessors supported by software platforms capable of transmitting information via the network is put in place. From this point of view, it is vital to emphasize that these devices inside the production machines, can also be installed after the construction of the latter thanks to the concept that, in the era of industry 4.0, every physical object has the possibility of becoming intelligent with the aim of exchanging information about its status and the status of the environment in which it is located.
Within companies we talk about simulation, to refer to the concept of digital twin, in English digital twin intended as a mathematical model capable of describing a process, a product or a service with the aim of being able to carry out an analysis and apply predictive improvement strategies. It is a real process that was created to retrieve useful information that can help companies reduce production costs, increase the quality of the finished product and reduce time to market.
The paradigm of industry 4.0 requires an opening towards the world, with the aim of allowing integration between different systems. If it is essential that systems are put in communication to exchange information, it is equally important to monitor this exchange, with the aim of protecting data. Precisely with regard to the exchange of information and data protection, companies need information security protocols, useful for protecting a computer or a set of computers.
Conversely, we speak of augmented reality instead, to describe the possibility of using particular viewers to retrieve additional information on a product by simply framing it. This practice within industry 4.0 translates into the possibility of having access to predictive and intelligent product logistics, which allows you to locate them in the warehouse, checking the compliance of orders in real time. This practice helps to test the products from an aesthetic-functional point of view, also allowing the virtual positioning of the same in the reference environment.
In such a context, it could not miss a mention of robots seen as collaborators of human operators, considered as the future of the main levers, these are solutions, capable of making production systems more efficient, increasing the competitiveness among the companies that make use. Integrated and automatic solutions, supported by human participation in processes that require the encounter between automatic and manual systems. In such an innovative vision of the world, they become real collaborative machines capable of exchanging information with other machines and with human beings, managing to be autonomous in the process of configuring the trajectories according to the needs of the production flow.